Humans and IoT: A Brief History of Rising Connectivity
The word Internet of Things was first coined by Kevin Ashton, a British technology pioneer, in 1999. In his 2009 article, he went further to define IoT more precisely, saying that we need our computers to be smart enough to gather useful information so that they can feel the world around them without any human intervention. The sensor technology and RFID-enabled computers have the ability that allows computers to observe and identify without needing humans to assist them.
According to a study, the IoT mainly consists of two primary parts – basically the reason why IoT is called IoT. The first part is the sensor and the second part is the connection – the internet connection. The purpose of the first part is to detect the object of interest, and the second part transmits the information obtained from the object through the internet connection; thus, altogether known as the internet of things.
In the 2011 annual report by Cisco, it was found that around 500 million people connected through the internet in 2003, and most of them were personal computers. If we look at the figures, they might appear huge, but you’d be shocked to see the increase in 2020. Back then in 2011, the percentage of active users was less than 0.08% from the overall population of 6.3 billion – which means that there were many individuals that weren’t using even one device.
Comparing the 2011 figures with that of 2020, the numbers rose exponentially. According to Statista, as of October 2020, around 4.66 billion people were found active on the internet, making up 59% of the total world population. This shows that humans are deeply connected, and so are our things. That’s why they are called the internet of things – the IoT revolution.
The IoT has become part of human life. The smartphones that we use wouldn’t be smart, if not equipped with the arrays of sensors embedded into them. In fact, we are experiencing the presence of the internet of things – devices with internet connectivity – transform our world digitally. From air pollution reduction to agricultural equipment, IoT devices are reshaping the way humans ever perceived the world. Here are some of the examples of internet of things devices that are part of our everyday life.
According to the 2010 road safety analysis by World Health Organization, approximately 1.24 million people die every year due to road car accidents globally, with 30,000 deaths alone in the United States and Europe. This happens due to negligence during driving or human error.
Since the majority of accidents occur due to human mistakes, the internet of things has been helpful in improving vehicle technology. With advanced high-end IoT-enabled automobiles like Tesla, BMW, and many others, decision making has been made easy for drivers. The vehicle itself detects the hazardous situation and makes strategic decisions based on continuous internet connectivity that avoids deadly collisions. Moreover, devices are also designed to report and record accidents with precise measurement and accuracy.
The smart IoT mobile devices have been really helpful in the banking services, such as online payments, money withdrawal, online amount transferal, and myriad more preferences. According to a 2014 Accenture report, The Bank of Things, now it was possible to guess and respond to the needs of the customers by timely responses to help them achieve their goals even faster.
One of the routine examples of the internet of things in the banking sector is the ATM machine. The ATM is 24/7 connected to the internet, and with the servers that connect the bank and its users together. The sensor senses the card and checks for the correct pin. Now ATMs have the feasibility to scan the person to avoid any security breach.
At 2015 CES International, an advanced maritime shipping IoT solution was presented by Ericsson. This cloud-based solution connected the ships at different parts of the sea for sharing transport-related information, and to keep a record if any of the ships go missing or require urgent in-shore support for maintenance purposes – a very use IoT revolution.
IoT-enabled devices also allowed marine ships to keep track of critical vessel systems, cargo locations, weather forecasting, and fleet management. With the internet of things, maritime companies were able to acquire statistics and data to enhance voyage in the shores, seek safety measures, and stowage information.
Households and Livings
With IoT smart devices such as surveillance systems, air conditioners, thermostats, smoke sensors, and many others, home safety and living standards have been through great improvements. Internet-active devices have allowed humans to stay always connected and be vigilant for imminent dangers. With smart hand-held devices, it’s more than easy to look for the safety of your house without actually being present in the house.
The advanced IoT HVAC modules now check for the temperature variations automatically and adjust accordingly. In a research analysis, the internet of things activated devices install base was expected to grow to 31 billion globally in 2020. Hence, almost every household will have at least one IoT-enabled device.
Just like every other industry, energy sectors are also leading the edge by adapting to IoT enabled systems to produce energy more efficiently and effectively. Talking about the user-level, almost every customer utilizing energy uses the internet of things in their modules, like smart energy consumption meters and cost estimators.
Meanwhile, the energy industries are also utilizing IoT advanced models to produce energies like wind tunnels, thermal energy conversion modules, solar energy harvesting devices, and a lot more. According to a statistical report, the number of internet-activated devices managed by utility companies rose from 485 million in 2013 to 1.53 billion in 2020. These rising figures are evidence of the IoT revolution in the energy sector.