Apps have become a necessity for any business to grow. A good app can make or break a business, it also opens up prospects to mobile audiences. As we approach 2020, understanding the top programming languages and popular cross-platform frameworks might serve as a useful guide to developing the perfect app. Choosing the right mobile app development company is also crucial, should you choose to outsource the app development process.
Types of Mobile App Development Frameworks
Native mobile app development refers to building platform-specific apps that run on a particular operating system. It uses the platform’s SDK along with the memory hardware and other resources of the particular OS. Examples of native app programming languages include Java, Python, and Ruby.
Cross-platform app development refers to developing an app that can run on multiple platforms. Such apps are capable of running on different devices without having to worry about compatibility and UX issues. Examples of cross-platform frameworks include Ionic, React Native, and Flutter.
Pros and Cons of Native App Development
Since the app is built specifically for a certain operating system, native apps tend to show high performance.
High UX capability
When an app does not have to cater to different markets and operating systems, it can be tweaked to ensure high levels of user experience for its designated system.
Larger exposure within the market
Native apps have greater visibility in the markets they are designed for.
Creating an app that is native to a platform is expensive. App development costs may reach up to thousands of dollars.
Native apps are developed with a particular platform in mind. Hence, most of the code cannot be reused.
Pros and Cons of Cross-platform Development
Cross-platform code can be easily reused (almost 80% of the original codes can be used again)
Turning to cross-platform development can cut the app development cost by half in comparison to a native app development
Rolling out updates is easier when the app is cross-platform.
In general, having an app that is cross-platform means it’s available for Android, iOS, Linux, Windows, etc.
Cross-platform apps do suffer from performance issues because it is more GPU/CPU intense. In some cases, the app response time increases when it is cross-platform.
Issues in User Experience
The Apple store has a stringent process and guidelines for accepting apps into their store. Building a cross-platform app that meets the UX requirements in both platforms, thus, becomes a challenge.
Top Native Programming Languages for 2020
Since its inception, Java has continued to rule the world of app development and continues to remain as one of the top programming languages moving into 2020. Java employs the use of the JVM which enables smooth operations across systems. This versatile language with its huge community will remain the cornerstone of the programming world.
Python has been steadily climbing up in the programming language ladder and has swiftly become a crowd favorite. One of the most common reasons for its popularity is its easy-to-read syntax that closely resembles English. This makes Python a language that can be more easily learned than Java.
This is another programming language that is used for mobile app development. The language is considered “easy-to-work-with” and has a substantial community backing it. Famous apps that have employed Ruby on Rails are Twitter, Shopify, and Airbnb.
Kotlin is a programming language that has become increasingly popular in the recent past. It is fully compatible with Java and is focused mainly on mobile app development. The language is simple and compact and has become a crowd favorite for app developers around the world.
Top Cross-Platform Frameworks for 2020
1. React Native
This cross-platform framework is owned by Google and supports many programming languages. The framework helps build apps that support both iOS and Android and has features that make it highly scalable. The Dart Virtual Machine helps in updating the code while reflecting its changes in the app. Flutter is a very versatile framework that uses only a single codebase but supports multiple operating systems. The final product resembles native app performance while also giving users a similar experience. Flutter also has amazing APIs and SDKs that make it a joy to work with.
This is an HTML5 framework that helps build cross-platform apps. It requires either Cordova or PhoneGap to help it run as a native app. Ionic behaves similar to a front-end framework that handles all the UI interactions. Since releasing in 2013, it has become increasingly popular for building cross-platform apps.
4. Native Script
Mobile App Development FAQs
How much does app development cost?
App development costs can vary greatly depending on the size and purpose of the project. Minimum costs range from $5000 to $10,000 while the maximum can reach anywhere near $500,000. The average cost for app development is approximately $170,000.
How do I choose the right app developer?
Choose a developer that is interested in the project and not just the monetary benefits. Look into their portfolio and check their previous client references. Make sure that you can build a professional relationship with him/her. Finally, do not look for the cheapest developer. Always remember that you get what you pay for.
Do I develop my app in-house or go for outsourced mobile app development services?
In-house app development gives you full control over the project, has a faster sign-off cycle and is more flexible. Each project would be made easier since the same team within the organization is working on the projects. The projects would be more refined since the team would have access to mobile app development guide and resources – shared within the team.
Outsourced app development services are more economical since the price is fixed beforehand, and they provide end-to-end services. The quality of the final app will likely be better in this case since the service is built on app development and focuses solely on this.
How do I choose a mobile app development company?
Checking customer reviews and the portfolio of the company is the most effective way to choose the right app development company. Also, ensure they have trusted QA and testing measures to ensure a quality Apps.